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The Desert

The Desert, special and mysterious

A visit to the Desert will make you feel like you are in a totally different world. The sand dunes that change color by the day from yellow to orange to red. The beautiful fauna that lives there such as Camels and Meerkats. And of course, the interesting landscape, where you dream away as if you were in a fairy tale.


One of the most famous deserts in the world, the Sahara, can be found as a sand desert on the continent of Africa. Covering an area of 9,400,000 square kilometers, it encompasses most of North Africa. The Sahara stretches from the Red Sea to the Atlantic Ocean, passing through 12 different countries.

This desert is known as the hottest desert in the world. Daytime temperatures run between 25 and 45°C. At night, it sometimes cools to below freezing point. In addition, the Sahara has little rain, but if it rains, it comes with large amounts at once.

Tuareg Berbers

In addition to flora and fauna, people live in the Desert. One of the most famous and oldest desert communities is the Tuareg Berbers. This indigenous North African people live a nomadic existence centrally in the desert region.

Mondo Verde makes a geographical and cultural link in the World Garden the Desert, both with the Sahara and the Tuareg Berbers. For example, Mondo Verde recreated the sand and rock structure of the Sahara with an oasis. The beautiful houses of the Tuareg Berbers can also be admired in this World Garden.

The Desert and Africa, a variety of flora

Chinese windmill palm

The Chinese windmill palm (Trachycarpus fortunei) is native to China, Japan, Myanmar, and India. This palm species does not grow offshoots and will remain single-stemmed forever. It grows into a palm with a height of 12 to 20 meters.

The trunk has a rough texture with persistent leaf feet. The leaves have long, bare petioles, except for the 2 rows of small spines. These leaves form the rounded fan 140 to 190 centimeters long. To reproduce, this palm uses only seeds.

Common cattail

As a native plant, the Common cattail (Typha latifolia) is from South Africa. It lives here on the nutrient-rich banks, where it grows to a height of 2 meters. The plant can be recognized by its long leaves and brown “cigar” (a spike) at the end of its stem. At the top of the spike is the male partof the plant. You can see this by the light brown color and the male flowers consisting of stamens.

Directly below the male spike is the female spike. This spike has a length of about 20 centimeters, on which come exclusively female flowers. During flowering, the female spike turns from green to brown to black. The flowering period of the Common cattail is from June to July.


Mullein (Verbascum) is native to Europe and Asia. This plant belongs to the Figwort family. This family species has about 250 species. The Mullein has soft leaves of about 40 centimeters. During the flowering season, from April to July, this plant obtains yellow-colored flowers with red-purple stamens

The Desert, a diversity of fauna